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Wormwood plant


Because it is a digestive tonic, wormwood increases bile secretion when it is administrated as infusion.Because it is a digestive tonic, wormwood increases bile secretion when it is administrated as infusion.Only the leaves and the high stalks are used for medical purposes.One spoon of tincture dissolved in 100ml of water must be administrated 3 or 4 times a day.It must be drunk cold before each primary meal and because of its bitter taste it can be sweetened with honey or sugar.The wormwood mixtures must be administrated only when they are needed and overdoses can cause headaches and inflammations on the gastric mucous membrane.

Its consumption is not recommended for pregnant women or in cases of acute intestinal disorders.

tags:the wormwood,

Fatty liver


Fatty liver is just what its name suggests: the build-up of fat in the liver cells. Although this is not a normal condition, fat in the liver usually causes no damage by itself. However, on some occasions it can be a sign that other more harmful conditions are at work. 

Fatty liver may be associated with or may lead to inflammation of the liver. This can cause scarring and hardening of the liver. When scarring becomes extensive, it is called cirrhosis, and this is a very serious condition. Therefore, it is important that a physician thoroughly examine a patient with fat in the liver.
The term hepatitis means inflammation of and damage to the liver cells. Steato (pronounced stee-at´-toe) refers to fat. Therefore, steatohepatitis is inflammation of the liver related to fat accumulation. Heavy alcohol use can lead to fatty liver and inflammation, usually called alcoholic hepatitis. Steatohepatitis resembles alcoholic hepatitis, but it can and does occur in people who seldom or never drink alcohol. In this instance, it is often called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis or NASH. Both alcoholic hepatitis and steatohepatitis can lead to serious liver damage and cirrhosis.

Studies have shown that many people who are significantly overweight have developed, or will develop, steatohepatitis. It can also occur with rapid weight loss. Steatohepatitis has been connected to estrogen hormones in some women. In the case of diabetes mellitus, researchers believe steatohepatitis may develop only in those patients whose diabetes is not properly controlled.
In most instances, treatment of fatty liver and steatohepatitis requires control of the underlying conditions. This may include reduction of high blood triglycerides, good control of diabetes, or not drinking alcohol. In some cases, surgical reversal of intestinal bypass for obesity is required.

Since being overweight is by far the most critical factor, weight loss is the key to ridding the liver of fat. This is especially necessary if damage to the liver is occurring, and early signs of scarring are present on biopsy. High blood triglycerides and diabetes are also worse with obesity. So, when steatohepatitis is present with these conditions, people gain even greater benefits from losing weight. Losing weight can be difficult. However, it must be done because the alternative may be eventual cirrhosis and the need for a liver transplant.

Currently, studies are underway on certain drugs such as Actigall. This drug appears to reduce liver damage in cases of steatohepatitis. At this time, however, it is not certain how helpful these drugs will be. To repeat the point, losing weight is by far the most important treatment.

tags:The term hepatitis , the liver cells,fatty liver ,studies,

Hepatitis Risk


Intravenous drug use has been the greatest risk factor for hepatitis C since the early 1980s. Although transfused blood has been tested for both hepatitis B and C since the early nineties, individuals given transfusions before then, even decades before, may still be at risk. Such individuals are urged to be tested. Most health care providers are at low risk, although the chance of infection in hospital workers who are accidentally stuck with a needle is high, ranging from 4% to 10%.
Although heavy drinking itself is the major risk factor for alcoholic hepatitis, genetic factors may play a role in increasing a person's risk for alcoholic hepatitis. Women who abuse alcohol are at higher risk for alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis than are men who drink heavily. High fat diets may also increase the risk in heavy drinkers.
People who are at risk for developing hepatitis are workers in the health care professions, people with multiple sexual partners, intravenous drug users, and hemophiliacs. Hepatitis is generally thought to be as much as ten times more common in the lower socioeconomic and poorly educated groups. About one third of all cases of hepatitis come from an unknown or unidentifiable source. 
This means that you don't have to be in a high risk group in order to be infected with the hepatitis virus.
Feces-contaminated water and food are the major sources of infection of Hepatitis A , and infected people can transmit it to others if they do not take strict sanitary precautions. Hepatitis A is the hepatitis strain people are most likely to encounter in the course of international travel.
Up to 90% of Hepatitis B patients are men, although it can infect children.
Drug users who share needles are at considerable risk. Pregnant women with hepatitis B can transmit the virus to their babies. Contaminated medical instruments, including fingerstick devices used for more than one individual, have been known to transmit the virus.

tags:Hepatitis Risk,Hepatitis A ,Intravenous drug,

Liver Cancer

Liver cancer is a disease includes uncontrolled growth of cells in the liver.

Liver cancer can be primary or secondary, also called metastasis. Primary cancer in the liver and in its early stages, there is only in the liver. People who have hepatitis B or C, viral infections of the liver or cirrhosis are more likely than others to develop primary liver cancer. In the early stage of primary liver cancer may cause no symptoms at all. More advanced disease can cause loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, fatigue and weakness.
Secondary Liver Cancer is the term for a cancer originating in another organ, such as the colon, stomach, pancreas, and breast, and then spreads to the liver. For the present at least two organs secondary cancer, treatment options are limited than for primary liver cancer. As the cancer grows, pain may develop in the upper abdomen on the right side and may extend to the back and shoulders. With advanced disease, signs of liver failure occur, including abdominal swelling and a feeling of fullness or bloating and jaundice, a condition in which the skin and whites of the eyes become yellow and the urine becomes dark.
Review of health care specialists at UCSF Medical Center.

Tags: liver of hepatitis B, C, in cirosis liver, liver cancer is Medium term cancer, hepatitis ABC


Tenofovir DF

Tenofovir DF is a prescription medicine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of HIV infection in adults and children 2 years of age and older. Tenofovir DF is always used in combination with other HIV medicines...
Before taking tenofovir DF, tell your health care provider:
  • If you are allergic to tenofovir DF or any other medicines.
  • If you have or have ever had liver problems, including HBV infection.
  • If you have or have ever had kidney problems.
  • If you have or have ever had bone problems.
  • If you have or have ever had any other medical conditions.
  • If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Whether tenofovir DF can harm an unborn baby is unknown. Tenofovir DF should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed. Talk to your health care provider about possible risks with taking tenofovir DF when pregnant.
  • If you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Do not breastfeed if you have HIV or are taking tenofovir DF.
  • If you are using hormone-based birth control (such as pills, implants, or vaginal rings). For more information about using birth control and HIV medicines at the same time, view the AIDSinfo HIV and Birth Control infographic.
  • About other prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Tenofovir DF may affect the way other medicines or products work, and other medicines or products may affect how tenofovir DF works. Taking tenofovir DF together with certain medicines or products may cause serious, life-threatening side effects.

Tenofovir DF belongs to a class (group) of HIV drugs called nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). NRTIs block an HIV enzyme called reverse transcriptase. (An enzyme is a protein that starts or increases the speed of a chemical reaction.) By blocking reverse transcriptase, NRTIs prevent HIV from multiplying and can reduce the amount of HIV in the body.

Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (tenofovir DF) can cause serious, life-threatening side effects. These include a buildup of lactic acid in the blood (lactic acidosis) and severe liver problems.

tags:Tenofovir DF,HIV,

Hepatitis HBV virus II

Causes

The hepatitis B virus spreads through blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and other body fluids.

Infection can occur if you have:
  • Blood transfusions
  • Contact with blood in health care settings
  • Had direct contact with the blood of an infected person by touching an open wound or being stuck with a needle
  • Had unprotected sex with an infected person
  • Received a tattoo or acupuncture with contaminated instruments
  • Shared needles during drug use
  • Shared personal items (such as toothbrushes, razors, and nail clippers) with an infected person
The hepatitis B virus can be passed to an infant during childbirth if the mother is infected.
Other risk factors for hepatitis B infection include:
  • Being born, or having parents who were born in regions with high infection rates (including Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean),nfection can occur if you have
  • Having multiple sex partners
  • Men having sex with men
  • Being on hemodialysis
  • Being infected with HIV
Hepatitis B infections may be acute or chronic.
  • Acute hepatitis B is the 3 - 6 month period after becoming infected.
  • Chronic hepatitis B is when the hepatitis B virus remains in a person's body. These people are considered to be carriers of hepatitis B, even if they do not have any symptoms.
Most of the damage from the hepatitis B virus is due to the body's response to the infection. When the body's immune system detects the infection, it sends out special cells to fight it off. However, these disease-fighting cells can lead to liver inflammation.

tags:Hepatitis HBV virus ,Acute hepatitis B ,infection,

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