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Tenofovir DF

Tenofovir DF is a prescription medicine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of HIV infection in adults and children 2 years of age and older. Tenofovir DF is always used in combination with other HIV medicines...
Before taking tenofovir DF, tell your health care provider:
  • If you are allergic to tenofovir DF or any other medicines.
  • If you have or have ever had liver problems, including HBV infection.
  • If you have or have ever had kidney problems.
  • If you have or have ever had bone problems.
  • If you have or have ever had any other medical conditions.
  • If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Whether tenofovir DF can harm an unborn baby is unknown. Tenofovir DF should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed. Talk to your health care provider about possible risks with taking tenofovir DF when pregnant.
  • If you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Do not breastfeed if you have HIV or are taking tenofovir DF.
  • If you are using hormone-based birth control (such as pills, implants, or vaginal rings). For more information about using birth control and HIV medicines at the same time, view the AIDSinfo HIV and Birth Control infographic.
  • About other prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Tenofovir DF may affect the way other medicines or products work, and other medicines or products may affect how tenofovir DF works. Taking tenofovir DF together with certain medicines or products may cause serious, life-threatening side effects.

Tenofovir DF belongs to a class (group) of HIV drugs called nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). NRTIs block an HIV enzyme called reverse transcriptase. (An enzyme is a protein that starts or increases the speed of a chemical reaction.) By blocking reverse transcriptase, NRTIs prevent HIV from multiplying and can reduce the amount of HIV in the body.

Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (tenofovir DF) can cause serious, life-threatening side effects. These include a buildup of lactic acid in the blood (lactic acidosis) and severe liver problems.

tags:Tenofovir DF,HIV,

Liver cancer is treated for 20 minutes

Liver cancer can be cured in 20 minutes and to the UCC Tuzla.
Yes you read it right.Do now patients in Bosnia, and who have had liver tumors or liver metastases who for various reasons were not suitable for surgical treatment, for these procedures had to go beyond the borders of BiH.In other for the first time in Bosnia and Herzegovina, was performed in the routine practice placed a new method for the treatment of tumors of the liver without performing surgery.
As the UCC Tuzla announced, the procedure itself lasts 20 minutes, and the patient the next day can go home. An additional benefit is that it can be repeated as many times as necessary to the tumor completely disappeared.
These are so-called the ethanol ablation of liver tumors in which the tumor directly, by ultrasound injects a certain amount of absolute alcohol.
Following the completion of treatment, leads to cell death of the tumor and a small portion of the surrounding healthy tissue which the tumor becomes completely destroyed and replaced by scar tissue.
What remains to be written, there is a cure, liver cancer bye, nestaješ.za only 20 minutes without surgery disappears liver cancer, so it's great news even in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
So there is more to the problem to go outside BiH, spending huge money.
Every good wish doctors Tuzla, for their courage and willingness to help people who are struggling for life ... in your union.

tags:Liver cancer,liver tumors,,the tumors,doctors,

Hepatitis ABCDEFG Prevention

Vaccination is the best way to prevent some of the hepatitis - A, B (which involves protection against hepatitis D virus). 

For hepatitis C, E, G viruses there are not vaccines available.

So, for preventing those diseases people should have a healthy 
lifestyle: using protection during sex, avoid sharing drugs, needles, syringes, personal care items that might have blood on them (razors, toothbrushes), washing hands with water and soap after every using of the bathroom, before and after preparing and eating food, avoid drinking water of unknown purity, etc.

tags:Hepatitis Prevention,Vaccination is the best way ,Hepatitis Prevention,For hepatitis C, E, G viruses,

Treatment of liver(hepatitis)

Granulomatous hepatitis is a condition in which abnormal collections of white blood cells collect in the liver.
Fortunately, most people recover completely from hepatitis A, E and nonviral hepatitis. Mild flare-ups may occur over a period of several months with viral hepatitis. 
Each flare-up is usually less severe than the initial attack, and a relapse does not necessarily indicate that complete recovery will not take place.

Unfortunately, hepatitis B, C and D can linger in the body, producing chronic, perhaps lifelong, infection. Additionally, carriers of the hepatitis virus can infect others, even though they feel perfectly well. 

They may face risks of liver disease (cirrhosis and liver cancer) in the future.

Symptoms of Hepatitis

Hepatitis produces an initial acute phase, often with few if any symptoms. If there are symptoms, they tend to mimic "flu-like" symptoms such as:
  • mild fever
  • muscle or joint aches
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • loss of appetite
  • slight abdominal pain
  • diarrhea
  • fatigue
The acute phase and its symptoms is rarely serious or fatal, although occasionally a so-called fulminant or rapidly progressing form leads to death.
As the condition worsens, the person also may experience these additional symptoms:
  • jaundice (yellowed skin, mucous membranes and eye-whites)
  • dark urine
  • light colored stools that may contain pus
  • itching
  • enlarged spleen (symptom of alcoholic hepatitis only)
  • hives
  • headache (symptom of toxic/drug-induced hepatitis only)
  • dizziness (symptom of toxic/drug-induced hepatitis only)
  • drowsiness (symptom of toxic/drug-induced hepatitis only)
  • circulation problems (symptom of toxic/drug-induced hepatitis only)
The course of the hepatitis and the different outcomes after the acute phase that distinguish the various types.

Diagnosis of Hepatitis

The doctor will take a thorough medical history with emphasis on the patient�s medications, alcohol consumption, previous surgeries and sexual activity. He or she may palpate the area over the liver to check for tenderness or enlargement.
If the skin becomes jaundiced and the person is exhibiting other symptoms of hepatitis, the doctor will do various lab tests, such as blood tests and liver panel tests. Additional lab tests include the antibody tests (ELISA II, RIBA II) and thehepatitis C RNA test via PCR technology for diagnosis of hepatitis C only.
If needed, the doctor may also perform a liver biopsy where a small portion of the liver would be taken for further examination under a microscope.

Treatment of Hepatitis

There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A. The doctor will recommend the abstinence of alcohol and drugs during recovery. Most cases of hepatitis A resolve themselves spontaneously.
The only treatment for hepatitis B is rest, combined with a high protein/high carbohydrate diet to repair damaged liver cells and protect the liver. If hepatitis B persists, the doctor may recommend an antiviral agent called interferon.
The only approved treatment for hepatitis C virus, and the only one with demonstrated efficacy, is interferon alfa-2b (Intron A).
Currently, there is not effective treatment for hepatitis D and E.
For treatment of nonviral hepatitis, the doctor will first remove the harmful substance by flushing out the stomach via inducing vomiting or hyperventilation. If necessary, the patient with drug-induced hepatitis will be treated with corticosteroids.

tag:Treatment of liver(hepatitis),For treatment of nonviral hepatitis,,.the patient with drug-induced hepatitis ,Diagnosis of Hepatitis,

Coffee and hepatitis C

Coffee and hepatitis C....This study included 766 participants enrolled in the Hepatitis C Antiviral Long-Term Treatment against CirrhosisAmong chronic hepatitis C patients with advanced liver fibrosis or cirrhosis who did not respond to interferon-based therapy, those who drank 3 or more cups of coffee per day had a 53% lower risk of liver disease progression than non-coffee-drinkers, according to a study that will appear in the November 2009 issue of Hepatology.
Outcome rates declined with increasing coffee consumption, from 11.1 per 100 person-years [PY] for patients who drank none, to 12.1 per 100 PY for those who drank less than 1 cup a day, to 8.2 per 100 PY for those who drank between 1 to fewer than 3 cups a day, to 6.3 per 100 PY for patients who drank 3 or more cups a day.
Results from study suggest that patients with high coffee intake had a lower risk of disease progression.....

tags:hepoatitis C,

Hepatitis B and Liver Cancer

Chronic hepatitis B infections cause 80% of all primary liver cancer worldwide.

Patients with chronic hepatitis B infections are at increased risk for progressing to liver cancer or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), whether they develop cirrhosis or not.
In the U.S. the overall incidence of cancer is decreasing, except for primary liver cancer (as reported by the National Cancer Institute in 2005). 
This is due in large part to the increased number of Americans who are chronically infected with hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Although survival rates for most types of common cancers have improved over the years, the 5-year survival rate for liver cancer is still below 10%.
In the world, primary liver cancer is the 3rd leading cause of death. According to the World Health Organization, at least 550,000 people die each year from primary liver cancer.
The hepatitis B vaccine was named the first "Anti-Cancer Vaccine" vaccine by the U.S. Food and Dug Administration since it prevents hepatitis B infections, the leading cause of primary liver cancer.

Early diagnosis of small tumors is the only effective way of improving the outcome of liver cancer treatment, and that is only possible through screening of the high-risk population. Universal hepatitis B vaccination is ultimately the only hope for reducing the incidence of this frequently fatal cancer worldwide.


tags:Hepatitis B and Liver Cancer,The hepatitis B vaccine,chronic hepatitis B inections,

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