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Hepatitis HBV virus II




Causes

The hepatitis B virus spreads through blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and other body fluids.

Infection can occur if you have:
  • Blood transfusions
  • Contact with blood in health care settings
  • Had direct contact with the blood of an infected person by touching an open wound or being stuck with a needle
  • Had unprotected sex with an infected person
  • Received a tattoo or acupuncture with contaminated instruments
  • Shared needles during drug use
  • Shared personal items (such as toothbrushes, razors, and nail clippers) with an infected person
The hepatitis B virus can be passed to an infant during childbirth if the mother is infected.
Other risk factors for hepatitis B infection include:
  • Being born, or having parents who were born in regions with high infection rates (including Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean),nfection can occur if you have
  • Having multiple sex partners
  • Men having sex with men
  • Being on hemodialysis
  • Being infected with HIV
Hepatitis B infections may be acute or chronic.
  • Acute hepatitis B is the 3 - 6 month period after becoming infected.
  • Chronic hepatitis B is when the hepatitis B virus remains in a person's body. These people are considered to be carriers of hepatitis B, even if they do not have any symptoms.
Most of the damage from the hepatitis B virus is due to the body's response to the infection. When the body's immune system detects the infection, it sends out special cells to fight it off. However, these disease-fighting cells can lead to liver inflammation.

tags:Hepatitis HBV virus ,Acute hepatitis B ,infection,

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